There have been no comprehensive energy vulnerability assessments conducted for any of the Pacific islands in the nineties, whether under US. flag or independent nation. In fact, there have been only a handful of comprehensive analyses of the energy sector in the Pacific islands. The East-West Center in conjunction with the United Nations (UNDP and ESCAP), the Australian National University and the Forum Secretariat produced the Energy Mission Report series which covered the independent island nations in 1982 USDOE published the Tm'fotial Energy Assessment: Final Report in December 1982. Since then, the East-West Center's Energy Program and the Pacific Basin Development Council published Energy Mission Reports on the energy sectors in American Samoa (1983, Guam (19861, and the CNMI (1986).
In addition, Palau was included as one of the 12 island nations which had their energy sectors assessed in 1992 as part of the 13-volume publication by the World Bank, the United Nations Development Programme, the Asian Development Bank, and the Forum Secretariat. (In addition to Palau, the Cook Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, and Western Samoa were included in the assessment).