Technical Publications

Energy Security and Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific

This document presents the latest data on our current and  prospective  use  of energy while also exploring the innovations in technology,  finance and governance that can set the region on a more sustainable path. I hope it will be helpful to policymakers and many other concerned stakeholders—illuminating the complexities, gaps and barriers, but also demonstrating how a new energy paradigm shift can contribute to more inclusive economic and social development.

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Baseline Methodologies for Clean Development Mechanism Projects: A Guidebook

This guidebook is produced by the UNEP Risø Center (URC), Denmark, as a part of the project titled Capacity Development for the CDM (CD4CDM), which is being implemented by URC for United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) through funding from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Netherlands.

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Clean Development Mechanism PDD Guidebook: Navigating the Pitfalls

The Capacity Development for CDM (CD4CDM) Project decided to capitalize on the lessons learned by this validation process and has collaborated with Det Norske Veritas (DNV), an accredited DOE, to produce this guidebook. The guidebook targets CDM project proponents in developing countries, specifically those engaged in PDD preparation. It draws upon the extensive knowledge of DNV, which has validated more than 50% of all CDM projects coming through to the validation stage.

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Energizing the Millennium Development Goals: A Guide to Energy's Role in Reducing Poverty

In September 2000, at the United Nations Millennium Summit,world leaders agreed to a set of time-bound and measurable goals and targets for combating poverty, hunger, illiteracy, gender inequality, disease, and environmental degradation.The eight goals that were eventually agreed upon are what the development community now refers to as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

The Cook Islands Initial National Communication Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change

The preparation of the Cook Islands Initial National Communication was funded by the Global Environment Fund Climate Change Enabling Activity through the Pacific Islands Climate Change Assistance Programme (PICCAP).

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Increasing the Participation of Women Entrepreneurs in the Solomon Islands Aid Economy

The World Bank undertook this study to explore the scope for, and potential impacts of, increasing the local economic impact of aid through increased local spending by donors. More specifically, this study examines the potential for increasing participation of Solomon Islands women entrepreneurs in relation to local aid-economy opportunities. The research is framed around four key questions:

1. What are the key characteristics of the Solomon Islands aid economy?

2. Why increase the participation of women entrepreneurs in the Solomon Islands aid economy?

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Technology Transfer issues in Environmental Goods and services: An illustrative Analysis of sectors Relevant to Air-pollution and Renewable Energy

This paper argues, on the basis of empirical evidence and the conceptual evolution over the years of what constitutes technology transfer, that much can be done within Environmental Goods and Services (EGS) and other areas of World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations. This would, however, imply rethinking the mandate of EGS negotiations and steering the focus away from simply increasing market access for EGS to one that recognises and facilitates the importance of knowledge transfers including “tacit” knowledge embodied in services.

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Energy and gender Issues in Rural Sustainable Development

FAO is looking at ways in which increased attention to energy and gender linkages can help countries promote sustainable agricultural production and rural development, as well as work towards meeting the targets set out in the Millennium Development Goals.

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Nauru Energy sector overview

The aim of this report is to provide a stock take of the situations in the energy sector of Nauru and therefore inform a baseline which can be used in the development of the Nauru Energy Road Map (NERM). As such, this report containst: 

  • General country context (geography, economy, population, etc.);  
  • Energy sector landscape covering supply and demand and institutional arrangements;  
  • Experience, potential and challenges in the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency; and, 
  • Data needs for the energy road map and beyond. 
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Replacing Fuel Based Lighting with Light Emitting Diodes in Developing Countries: Energy and Lighting in Rural Nepali Homes

More than one quarter of the world’s population, who does not have access to electric light, live in the developing countries. Nepal is one of these countries, where the people in the remote rural areas have to rely on fuel based lighting to bring minimal lighting services in their homes.

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