Technical Publications

Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries

More than half of households in Honduras use cook stoves that are highly inefficient, unhealthy and unsafe, impacting the health and well-being of users and families as well as the natural environment through Green House Gas (GHG) emissions. A $2.95 million SREP program promotes sustainable business models for clean cook stove distribution supporting Honduran rural communities by providing high-efficiency cook stoves for 70,000 households. This will reduce consumption and cost of firewood for project beneficiaries by 60 percent and improve living standards.

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Taxes vs Permits: Options for Price-Based Climate Change Regulation

This paper provides an overview of key issues involved in the choice among marketbased instruments for climate change policy. Specifically, it examines the potential net benefits from shifting to a permit system for emission reduction, and the preconditions necessary for this change. It also draws out the implications of New Zealand’s specific circumstances and current climate policies for future policy development.

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Gender and Energy for Sustainable development: A Toolkit and Resource guide

In 2005 the international community will gather to examine progress on gender and development issues in the ten years following the 1995 Beijing Fourth World Conference on Women. This event brought together representives of government, civil socities, media and grass roots organizations to look at the unique roles that men and women play supporting development, economic growth and more equitable societies the world over.

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Review of Bankable Investment Opportunities in Fiji

This report is part of work commissioned by the UNDP to help FIJI meet its Fiji Renewable Energy Power Project (FREPP) goals. This work is intended to contribute to the revitalization of the renewable energy market in FIJI, especially where IPPs are concerned. Of particular interest is the policy framework regulating both public and the private investments in renewable energy, and the incentives that could be applied to stimulate growth in the sector. 

The work is divided into three components 

a) the development of standard Power purchase agreements,

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Electricity Pricing: Theory and Case Studies

The rapidly increasing costof electricity power in recent years has brought about a growing awareness of the importance of pricing policies in

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Preparatory Survey Report on the project for Improvement of Domestic Shipping Services in the Federated States of Micronesia

The fleet of the domestic shipping services in the FSM, belonging to the National and State Governments, had been total six vessels at most, and had been serving as the lifeline for people in the outer islands. Around 1976 to 1978, the shipping services in the FSM were prospering with five vessels (hereinafter called Micro class vessels) procured under Japanese Grant Aid Scheme to the National and State Governments.

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Barriers to CDM Projects in Pacific Island Countries: A Focus on Fiji

With a focus on Fiji, this article assesses the benefits of and explores the barriers to using the Clean Development mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol in Pacific island countries.

With demonstrated strength across a range of potential CDM sectors, Fiji is in a relatively good position to take advantage of the opportunities on offer.

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Investigating the Potential of biodiesel production in Fiji: Facilitating Sustainable Production in the fiji region

Biodiesel an alternative renewable energy resource produced from alcohol and  vegetable oil. Its production and quality control has been explored extensively using the  available local raw materials. The final Biodiesel fuel produced has been characterised  by examining it physical and chemical properties.

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Status of and potential for utilizing coconut oil (CNO) in power Generation and Industrial Use in Pacific Island countries

The main objective of this work is to assess the potential of coconut oil (CNO) as a substitute for diesel in CI engines in the Pacific island countries of Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Solomon islands. This report describes the present status of copra and CNO production, use of distillate in electricity generation in the 3 countries. The advancements made to date in adapting CNO for various applications and viability of CNO as a substitute fuel in diesel electricity generators is studied. An indication of GHG reduction with CNO usage is also presented.

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Republic of Kiribati National development strategies 2004-2007: Enhancing Growth and Ensuring Equitable Distribution

National Development strategies(NDS) is a strategic plan for sustained growth in the income and welfare of the people of Kiribati. It sets in a planning framework the aim that the Government expressed in its policy statement.

NDS provides the strategic planning framework and overall direction. Within that framework, detailed operational plans are then to be drawn up by Ministries and public enterprises. These plans will show how the resources allocated by Parliament in the Annual Budget will be used to pursue the development strategies. 
 

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